Class 12-Chemistry

Class 12-Chemistry

Course Language : English

Total Duration : 80 Hours

Course Price : ₹ 8500

Chemistry Class12:

NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus

  • 434
  • 0

Unit I: Solutions (10 Periods)

Types  of solutions,  expression  of concentration  of solutions  of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties - relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult's law, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass, Van't Hoff factor.


Unit II: Electrochemistry (12 Periods)

Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity, variations of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch's Law, electrolysis and law of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell-electrolytic cells and

Galvanic  cells,  lead  accumulator,  EMF  of  a  cell,  standard  electrode  potential, Nernst  equation  and  its  application  to chemical  cells,  Relation  between  Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells, corrosion.


Unit III: Chemical Kinetics (10 Periods)

Rate of a reaction (Average and instantaneous), factors affecting rate of reaction: concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction, rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half-life (only for zero and first order reactions), concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment). Activation energy, Arrhenius equation.


Unit IV: Surface Chemistry (08 Periods)

Adsorption  -  physisorption  and  chemisorption,  factors  affecting  adsorption  of gases   on   solids,   catalysis,   homogenous   and   heterogenous   activity   and selectivity;  enzyme  catalysis  colloidal  state  distinction  between  true solutions, colloids and suspension; lyophilic, lyophobic multi-molecular and macromolecular colloids;  properties  of  colloids;  Tyndall  effect,  Brownian  movement, electrophoresis, coagulation, emulsion - types of emulsions.


Unit V: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements (08 Periods)

Principles and methods of extraction - concentration, oxidation, reduction - electrolytic method and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron


Unit VI: p -Block Elements (14 Periods)

Group 16 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, dioxygen: Preparation,  Properties  and  uses, classification  of  Oxides,  Ozone,  Sulphur  - allotropic forms; compounds of Sulphur: Preparation Properties and uses of Sulphur-dioxide,  Sulphuric  Acid: industrial  process  of manufacture,  properties and uses; Oxoacids of Sulphur (Structures only).

Group  17  Elements:  General  introduction,  electronic  configuration,  oxidation states, occurrence,  trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds  of halogens, Preparation, properties and uses of Chlorine and Hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds, Oxoacids of halogens (structures only).

Group 18 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses.


Unit VII: ‘d’ and ‘f’ Block Elements (12 Periods)

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals - metallic  character,  ionization  enthalpy,  oxidation  states,  ionic  radii,  colour, catalytic  property,  magnetic  properties,  interstitial  compounds,  alloy formation, preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.

Lanthanoids - Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.

Actinoids - Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids.


Unit VIII: Coordination Compounds (12Periods)

Coordination compounds - Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic   properties   and   shapes,   IUPAC   nomenclature   of   mononuclear coordination  compounds.  Bonding,  Werner's  theory,  VBT,  and  CFT;  structure and stereoisomerism, importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative inclusion, extraction of metals and biological system).


Unit IX: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes (12 Periods)

Haloalkanes:   Nomenclature,   nature   of   C-X   bond,   physical   and   chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions, optical rotation.

Haloarenes:  Nature  of C-X bond, substitution  reactions  (Directive  influence  of halogen in monosubstituted compounds only).

Uses and environmental effects of - dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT.


Unit X: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers (12 Periods)

Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only), identification of primary, secondary  and tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol.

Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillic  substitution reactions, uses of phenols.

Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses.


Unit XI: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids (14 Periods)

Aldehydes  and Ketones:  Nomenclature,  nature of carbonyl group, methods  of preparation,   physical   and  chemical   properties,   mechanism   of  nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes, uses.

Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.


Unit XII: Organic compounds containing Nitrogen (12 Periods)

Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines.

Cyanides and Isocyanides - will be mentioned at relevant places in text.

Diazonium  salts:  Preparation,  chemical  reactions  and  importance  in synthetic organic chemistry.


Unit XIII: Biomolecules (12 Periods)

Carbohydrates - Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccahrides (glucose and fructose), D-L configuration oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen); Importance of carbohydrates.

Proteins -Elementary idea of - amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, structure of proteins - primary, secondary, tertiary structure and quaternary structures (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes. Hormones - Elementary idea excluding structure.

Vitamins - Classification and functions. Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA.


Unit XIV: Polymers (06 Periods)

Copolymerization,   some   important   polymers:   natural   and   synthetic   like polythene, nylon polyesters, bakelite, rubber. Biodegradable and non- biodegradable polymers.


Unit XV: Chemistry in Everyday life (06 Periods)

Chemicals in medicines - analgesics, tranquilizers antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines.

Chemicals in food - preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants.Cleansing agents- soaps and detergents, cleansing action.


The study of organic chemistry focuses on creating chemical compounds that impact our lives as pharmaceuticals, agricultural products, materials, and polymers, using carbon as the central element.

Student Reviews

Review Not Found In This Course

Leave A Comment
Your Rating:

Trainer Details



Related Courses
Class 12-Maths
Class 12-Physics